2019 GTOA Session Descriptions



Blue Ridge Armor Shield Clinic


A look at the bunker from a new perspective.

Clinic invites discussion and features moving and shooting with the shield.

Short classroom time with emphasis placed on actual use of the shield in real world scenarios.


Vehicle Counter Ambush

In recent years there has been a surge in incidents where officers were forced to fight from inside or around their vehicles.  The dynamics of a potentially lethal engagement at close quarters, with various varying elements of cover and concealment, movement, and communication, force officers to re-examine the way they fight during such events.  This eight-hour class covers lessons geared at stacking variables in favor of the officer, from pre-ambush indicators, through the resolution of a lethal encounter.  Class objectives include: approach and positioning, pre-ambush indicators, phases of an attack, single person pistol tactics in and around a vehicle, carbine tactics in and around a vehicle, partner tactics in a lethal engagement, and more.


Required gear: officers should wear their regular duty gear, including: body armor, holster, and duty gun, extra magazines in a secure carriers, patrol carbine if applicable, sling, and extra magazines for rifle.  Ammunition needs: 400 rounds per weapon system of factory ammunition.  Ear and eye protection.  Hydration unit.  It is recommended students use their personal vehicles to increase familiarity in their realistic environment - NO SHOTS WILL BE DELIVERED INTO THE VEHICLE OR THROUGH ANY OF ITS COMPONENTS.

Hostage Negotiations


AR-15 Armor




The Patrol Rifle in Law Enforcement has become more important than ever in today’s world.  The line officer to the SWAT officer to the Task Force Officer are all utilizing the Patrol Rifle in one aspect or the other.  The first line of defense for a LEO is the pistol, this will covered in relationship to working with the patrol rifle and various ways to transition from one weapon platform to the next seamlessly. The Patrol Rifle Skills and Concepts class will bridge the gap between qualification flat range and CQB.  It will give the LEO the skills and concepts to win in a gunfight and come home at the end of the shift.

Topics Covered:

Pre Operational Checks

Equipment required for a Patrol Rifle Best Practices

Stance Sights Trigger and Grip

Weapon Manipulation

Malfunctions and Clearance


Use of Barricade cover

Best practices of utilizing Patrol rifle and Duty Pistol


Student Requirements

Ball cap/Eye/Ear Protection

In Climate Weather Gear

Water/Range Snacks/Packed lunch/Sunblock/Bug spray

Patrol/Tactical Body Armor/Plate Carrier w/ plates

Duty Gear – patrol or tactical with Duty sidearm and holster/3 mags and mag carrier

M4/AR15 or variant with iron sights or electric optic/sling/light/cleaning kit with lubricant

4 Patrol rifle mags with carrier of some type so they are on body

600 rounds of Practice ammo – NO Tracer/Green Tip/AP ammunition allowed

400 rounds of pistol ammunition



This is a One day course structured around Patrol/Detectives/SRO’s/Narcotics Officers that could find them engaged in a gunfight inside of a structure.  The incident can arise from a search warrant to a domestic call to an active threat inside of a structure.  The class will cover the basics of close quarter battle utilizing a pistol/rifle and what officers normally carry day in and day out during course of their duties.  The course will cover Mindset, Marksmanship, Weapon Manipulations and Tactics that can be utilized by Patrol officers to win the engagement.


Student requirements

Eye and ear protection

In-climate weather gear (wet and cold)

Soft body armor/plate carrier/tac vest with armor


300 rounds of training ammunition for primary weapon

200 rounds of training ammunition for secondary weapon

Weapon mounted light on primary and minimum of hand held for secondary

Ballistic helmet if issued/ ball cap if not

Sling on primary weapon

Duty gear with holster and magazine pouches

Notebook and pen

Personal med kit/IFAK



Less Than Lethal

Weapons and Munitions: 12ga./37mm/40mm

 Single Projectiles/Multiple Projectiles

 Operational Considerations – Skip Fire/Direct Fire

 Crowd Control Considerations (open and contained)

 Single Target Acquisition/Dynamic Entry Support

 Physiological/Psychological Effects

 Incident Case Studies/Liability Consideration

 Test Data: Blunt Trauma/Ballistics and Energy

 Development of Policy and Procedures

 Operational Scenarios/Qualification Course

 Documenting Training/In-Service Training

 Instructor Development/Follow-Up Procedures



Types and Forms of Chemical Agents

Technological Advancements in Pyrotechnics, Blast, and Aerosol Munitions

Escalation of Chemical Deployment

Crowd Control Principles/Outdoor Considerations

Barricade Subject/Space Denial

Powder OC/CN/CS

Hands-on Training with Tactical Deployment with Hand-Held Grenades, and 37mm and 40mm Launchers

Techniques and Tactical Considerations

Decontamination/First Aid

Protective Masks

Criminal and Civil Liabilities

Sample Policy and Procedures

Instructor Development

Contamination Exercises


Tactical Tracking

The Tactical Tracking Course is an intensive program where the student learns the basic visual tracking skills, team tactics and techniques for tracking human subjects in woodland operations. The student learns to observe ground disturbance and the physical evidence of an incident site, we call this evidence “sign” or “spoor”. The student learns to interpret the evidence and formulate strategies to follow the evidence. By constantly interpreting the sign, the tracker learns to develop a profile of the subject which aids him in anticipating the subject’s movement and direction. This allows the tracker to expedite the pursuit and tactically close in to apprehend the fleeing subject.

Then by incorporating team movements and strategies, trackers can tip the scales in their favor for a successful track.


Street leadership – Critical Incident

As a first responder, are you really prepared to respond to and manage a critical incident? Your agency has tasked you with handling these calls for service and the public expects a safe resolution.

Responding to the domestic violence, emotionally disturbed person, subject with a weapon, suicidal and hostage barricades, active shooter and apprehending the fleeing felon require knowledge and leadership for safe resolution.  The call is in for S.W.A.T. and help is on the way. Now what do you do? S.W.A.T. is not an option. Now what do you do?

Street Leadership - Response to a Critical Incident is a 16-hour course developed to provide first responders with the critical knowledge, tools and tactics to successfully respond to and mitigate a critical incident.

Street Leadership - Response to a Critical Incident in NOT a "S.W.A.T. " course. This class is designed for line officers, supervisors and command staff with no or little “tactical” training.

Learning objectives

      What is a leader?

      Leadership principles

      Crisis leadership

      Characteristics of a critical incident

      Decision making

      Command and control

      Legal Issues

      Mitigation options

 Student Equipment needs

      Note taking materials

      Laptop is helpful but not mandatory

      Business casual attire